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陕西勉县武侯墓景区

TIME:2018/10/29 发布者(zhe):本(ben)站(zhan) 浏览次(ci)数:3453次(ci)

    武侯(hou)(hou)墓(mu)(mu)(mu)位于(yu)汉中市勉县的(de)(de)(de)定(ding)军山脚(jiao)下(xia),因诸(zhu)葛(ge)亮曾获封武乡(xiang)侯(hou)(hou)而得名武侯(hou)(hou)墓(mu)(mu)(mu)。建(jian)兴十二年(nian),蜀汉丞相诸(zhu)葛(ge)亮与魏司(si)马懿在(zai)渭河两(liang)岸相抗,病死于(yu)五(wu)丈原(yuan)军中,葬汉中的(de)(de)(de)定(ding)军山下(xia)。武侯(hou)(hou)墓(mu)(mu)(mu)区岗峦起伏,山环水抱,素(su)有(you)“陕南天然公(gong)园(yuan)”之(zhi)(zhi)称。墓(mu)(mu)(mu)上(shang)和庙(miao)内的(de)(de)(de)建(jian)筑,多是(shi)明、清(qing)两(liang)代一所三院并连(lian)的(de)(de)(de)大庙(miao),围有(you)垣墙(qiang),面积约45000平方(fang)米。入(ru)陵(ling)园(yuan)大门,一片汉柏古(gu)松,清(qing)幽、古(gu)朴。大殿(dian)(dian)院中,有(you)许(xu)多历代歌颂诸(zhu)葛(ge)亮的(de)(de)(de)诗(shi)词和复修(xiu)墓(mu)(mu)(mu)庙(miao)记文的(de)(de)(de)石碑(bei)。大殿(dian)(dian)龛上(shang),端坐着诸(zhu)葛(ge)亮的(de)(de)(de)塑(su)像,纶巾,羽扇(shan),鹤(he)氅(chang),方(fang)据(ju),神态庄严。关兴、张苞,侍(shi)立(li)左右。 墓(mu)(mu)(mu)在(zai)大殿(dian)(dian)之(zhi)(zhi)后,南北(bei)向,头北(bei)脚(jiao)南,取北(bei)顾中原(yuan),南立(li)蜀国(guo)之(zhi)(zhi)意。墓(mu)(mu)(mu)周砌(qi)以砖墙(qiang),其圆周为60米。墓(mu)(mu)(mu)家为覆(fu)斗形,高(gao)约6米。墓(mu)(mu)(mu)前有(you)一小亭,号曰“墓(mu)(mu)(mu)亭”,内竖石碑(bei)一通,上(shang)刻(ke)“汉诸(zhu)葛(ge)忠武侯(hou)(hou)之(zhi)(zhi)墓(mu)(mu)(mu)”。

    墓园(yuan)内有千年(nian)(nian)汉(han)柏(bo)数(shu)株,上缠绕着(zhe)一(yi)蔓生(sheng)植物,名“凌霄花(hua)”,俗名“爬柏(bo)凌霄树”,叶似(si)香(xiang)椿而色(se)翠(cui),花(hua)似(si)牵牛而色(se)赤(chi),每(mei)年(nian)(nian)自夏至开(kai)(kai)(kai)花(hua)到(dao)立秋止,花(hua)期长(zhang)达百日之(zhi)久。每(mei)当(dang)开(kai)(kai)(kai)花(hua)时节(jie),朝开(kai)(kai)(kai)暮(mu)落,遍地红(hong)英。远而望之(zhi),只见(jian)苍苍翠(cui)柏(bo)之(zhi)中,点缀着(zhe)朵(duo)朵(duo)红(hong)花(hua),红(hong)绿相(xiang)映(ying),娇艳之(zhi)极,给人以千年(nian)(nian)古(gu)柏(bo)开(kai)(kai)(kai)红(hong)花(hua)之(zhi)感,凌霄花(hua)象征诸葛亮为(wei)兴(xing)复汉(han)室鞠躬(gong)尽(jin)瘁、为(wei)国为(wei)民的高(gao)(gao)风(feng)亮节(jie)。另有两棵上千年(nian)(nian)的桂(gui)花(hua)树屹立在墓前,高(gao)(gao)大繁茂(mao),浓(nong)荫(yin)如(ru)盖,每(mei)当(dang)开(kai)(kai)(kai)花(hua)时节(jie),十里飘(piao)香(xiang),传为(wei)“汉(han)桂(gui)”,号曰“护墓双桂(gui)”。

    墓园内(nei)现(xian)遗(yi)留各时代碑石多块,匾额34块,对联(lian)29幅,三国故事壁画100余幅,碑石匾联(lian)内(nei)容多为赞颂诸葛武侯之词,各时代的钟(zhong)鼎炉(lu)磬10余件,武侯遗(yi)文本刻(ke)条幅48块。


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