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陕西勉县马超墓景区

TIME:2018/10/29 发(fa)布者:本(ben)站 浏览次数(shu):2360次

    马超墓祠又称马超庙、马公祠,是东汉末(mo)年军(jun)阀(fa)、蜀(shu)汉骠骑将(jiang)军(jun)马超的墓地,位(wei)于陕(shan)西勉县(xian)定(ding)军(jun)山(shan)附近,北依雷公山(shan),南临汉江河。在勉县(xian)城西两公里处的108国道旁,与武(wu)侯祠相(xiang)距约(yue)1公里。

    马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)墓(mu)祠整体(ti)(ti),分为(wei)前(qian)后院(yuan),前(qian)院(yuan)有正殿(dian)(dian)、汉中(zhong)争霸(ba)展(zhan)、马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)生平展(zhan)三殿(dian)(dian),后院(yuan)与前(qian)院(yuan)被汉惠(hui)渠隔开,中(zhong)间有石板桥通(tong)往两边,被命名(ming)(ming)为(wei)“风雨(yu)桥”,后院(yuan)为(wei)马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)所葬的(de)墓(mu)地。    前(qian)院(yuan)正殿(dian)(dian)内神(shen)龛(kan)上马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)塑(su)像(xiang)为(wei)明代万历年(nian)间所塑(su),神(shen)采奕奕,威(wei)武雄壮,颇有“扶风勇略(lve)冠当(dang)年(nian)”之(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)雄姿,左右变分立(li)庞德(de),马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)岱两尊(zun)神(shen)像(xiang),正门匾(bian)(bian)上书(shu)写“信(xin)著北土”四(si)个大(da)字,“信(xin)著北土”是(shi)汉昭烈帝(di)刘(liu)(liu)备(bei)封马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)为(wei)骠骑将军、斄乡侯时(shi),宣(xuan)诏上夸耀(yao)马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)的(de)词语(yu),同类词汇还(hai)有“威(wei)武并昭、抗飏虓虎(hu)、氐羌率服、獯鬻慕义(yi)”等(deng)等(deng),原书(shu)是(shi)”信(xin)着(zhe)北土“,应是(shi)书(shu)匾(bian)(bian)人错字。”一世之(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)杰(jie)(jie)“殿(dian)(dian)内,续写着(zhe)马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)生平展(zhan),采用图文模式,包括著名(ming)(ming)的(de)“渭水六战”、“马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)投刘(liu)(liu)”等(deng)。“兼资(zi)文武”殿(dian)(dian)内则讲述(shu)了,曹操与刘(liu)(liu)备(bei)的(de)汉中(zhong)争霸(ba)战经过(guo),马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)也参与该战役,并且(qie)起到较重要的(de)作用。“一世之(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)杰(jie)(jie)”与“兼资(zi)文武”出(chu)自当(dang)年(nian)马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)投靠刘(liu)(liu)备(bei)时(shi),关(guan)羽因为(wei)忌(ji)讳马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)名(ming)(ming)望超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)自己,作书(shu)询(xun)问刘(liu)(liu)备(bei),马(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)超(chao)(chao)(chao)人才可以与谁比,而诸(zhu)葛亮(liang)回书(shu)说(shuo):“孟起兼资(zi)文武、雄烈过(guo)人、一世之(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)杰(jie)(jie),当(dang)与翼德(de)并驾齐驱,犹未及美髯公之(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)超(chao)(chao)(chao)群绝伦(lun)。”诸(zhu)葛亮(liang)抬高(gao)关羽的同时,也(ye)夸耀马(ma)超(chao)的才能。墓(mu)冢(zhong)为(wei)汉制(zhi)覆斗(dou)型,周长90米,冢(zhong)高8米,蔚为(wei)壮观。有墓(mu)碑二通(tong),上刻隶(li)书(shu)“汉征西(xi)将军马(ma)公超(chao)墓(mu)”,为(wei)清乾隆(公元1776)年(nian)兵部(bu)侍郎兼副都御史、陕(shan)西(xi)巡(xun)抚毕沅所(suo)书(shu)。






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