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河南南阳武侯祠景区

TIME:2018/10/27 发布者:本站 浏览次(ci)数:2587次(ci)

    南(nan)阳武侯祠坐(zuo)落于中国(guo)历史(shi)文化名城河(he)南(nan)省南(nan)阳市城西(xi)卧龙岗上,坐(zuo)西(xi)向(xiang)东(dong)偏南(nan),初建于魏晋,盛于唐宋,有1800多(duo)年(nian)历史(shi),是三(san)(san)国(guo)时(shi)期著名政治家、军事家诸葛(ge)亮(liang)十(shi)年(nian)躬耕隐居(ju)地和(he)历代祭祀(si)诸葛(ge)亮(liang)的(de)地方,也是汉昭烈皇(huang)帝刘备“三(san)(san)顾(gu)茅(mao)庐(lu)”处,历史(shi)上著名的(de)“三(san)(san)分天下”和(he)“草庐(lu)对策”发源(yuan)地。现(xian)存殿(dian)堂(tang)房舍(she)267间(jian),主要建筑由东(dong)而西(xi)排列(lie)在一条中轴线上,分前后两重(zhong),建筑布局(ju)严谨(jin),疏(shu)密相宜,殿(dian)堂(tang)雄严,亭台(tai)壮观。

    南阳卧龙岗武侯祠1963年被河(he)(he)南省人(ren)民政(zheng)府列为首批河(he)(he)南省重点(dian)文物保(bao)护单位(wei)、1996年被国(guo)务院列为全国(guo)重点(dian)文物保(bao)护单位(wei)、2007年荣(rong)膺国(guo)家AAAA级旅游景区。

      祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)前(qian)是(shi)宏(hong)(hong)伟(wei)雅(ya)致(zhi)的“千古人龙”石牌坊,高(gao)9米,面阔13.5米,三(san)门(men)四柱楼(lou)式(shi)(shi),通体(ti)布(bu)满雕饰,对称的锦纹、图案,错落有(you)(you)致(zhi),疏朗多姿。高(gao)耸门(men)外,望柱冲天,在(zai)苍松(song)翠柏(bo)(bo)映衬(chen)下,使武(wu)(wu)侯祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)显得更加巍峨壮(zhuang)观。从山(shan)门(men)至大拜殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),左右(you)两(liang)廊为(wei)前(qian)部,是(shi)人们祭祀诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)亮的场所。后(hou)面的茅庐、古柏(bo)(bo)亭、野云庵、躬(gong)耕(geng)亭、伴月台(tai)、小(xiao)虹桥、梁父岩(yan)、抱膝(xi)石、老龙洞、躬(gong)耕(geng)田,是(shi)根据诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)亮“躬(gong)耕(geng)”时的生活起居而兴建(jian)(jian)的纪(ji)念性建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(即卧龙十景(jing)(jing))。最后(hou)是(shi)宁(ning)远楼(lou),亦(yi)名清风楼(lou)。山(shan)门(men)之外有(you)(you)“诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)井”和“澹宁(ning)读书台(tai)”。祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)左侧(ce)院(yuan)有(you)(you)关张(zhang)殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)、三(san)顾堂(tang)、谢(xie)圃亭;右(you)侧(ce)院(yuan)为(wei)道房院(yuan),原(yuan)是(shi)道人居住的地方。台(tai)下有(you)(you)诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)书院(yuan)。祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)西(xi)南(nan)隅(yu)有(you)(you)龙角塔。大拜殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)是(shi)武(wu)(wu)侯祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)前(qian)部的主体(ti)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)宇高(gao)大宏(hong)(hong)伟(wei),为(wei)歇山(shan)式(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)前(qian)悬挂匾联十余幅,两(liang)壁嵌有(you)(you)石刻,中塑(su)武(wu)(wu)侯诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)亮坐像(xiang),两(liang)侧(ce)为(wei)其(qi)子(zi)诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)瞻、其(qi)孙(sun)诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)尚立(li)像(xiang),形象逼真。宁(ning)远楼(lou)是(shi)武(wu)(wu)侯祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)后(hou)部的主体(ti)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),也是(shi)祠(ci)(ci)(ci)(ci)内最高(gao)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)物,为(wei)重檐庑殿(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)式(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),流角飞檐,气势(shi)轩昂;楼(lou)正中塑(su)有(you)(you)武(wu)(wu)侯诸(zhu)(zhu)葛(ge)亮抱膝(xi)长(zhang)吟像(xiang);登楼(lou)远眺,宛城美景(jing)(jing)尽收(shou)眼底(di),历历在(zai)目。


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